Thursday, February 28, 2013

text website

Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Week Schedule

Wednesday, finish chapter 16.
Thursday, Friday Review.
Monday, Unit test 12,13,14,15,16

Friday, February 22, 2013

Do the next six pages.... through question 40

33.How are judges selected?
34.How are Supreme court justices selected. p. 513
35.Background of justices?
36.Role of partisanship?
37.Are presidents happy with their appointments? Examples

38.. How many cases submitted to supreme court each year?
39.. Explain writ of certiorari?
40.. Explain what court cases are likely to be selected by the courts
41.. Define solicitor General?
42.. How many cases heard each year?
43.. Define Per curiam decision?
44.. Define amicus curiae briefs?
45.Define opinion?
46.Who writes the opinion?
47.Dissenting opinion?
48.Concurring opinion?
49.Stare decisis?
51.Can the court over rule it’s own decisions. Give example.
52.Define judicial implementation.
53.Define original intent
54.Define the 3 eras of Courts and policies (p. 526)
55.explain Marbury v. Madison.
56.Define judicial review?
57.Explain the ‘9 old men’
58.What was the role of the warren court?
59.Explain the character of the Burger Court
60.Explain US v. Nixon
61.How do the courts serve as a check on the tyranny of the majority?
62.Explain judicial restraint?
63.Explain judicial activism.
64.What is the doctrine of political questions?
65.What is statutory construction?

Thursday, February 21, 2013

Chapter 16, continued... (about 6 pages)

15. What courts are in the Constitution?
16. Judiciary Act of 1789? And explain 16.1.
17. What are Legislative courts?
18. What is original Jurisdiction?
19. What is appellate jurisdiction?
20. What are district courts?
21. Where are most court cases heard?
22. Do most court cases go to trial?
23. What is diversity of Citizenship?
24. Courts of Appeal?
25. Where do they come from?
26. How many appeal courts?
27. What is the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit?
28. Focus of appeals courts?
29. Supreme Court?
30. SC and Mandatory sentencing?
31. Size of courts?
32. How are federal judges selected?
33. What is Senatorial Courtesy?

1.  The power of the federal government relative to the power of the states has increased since the ratification of the Constitution.

Describe two of the following provisions of the Constitution and explain how each has been used over time to expand federal power.

The power to tax and spend
The “necessary and proper” or “elastic” clause
The commerce clause

Explain how one of the following has increased the power of the federal government relative to the power of state governments

Americans with Disabilities Act
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Clean Air Act

AP Us Gov & Pol Practice FRQ #2 A significant feature of the Electoral College is that most states have a winner-take-all system. Answer a-d listed in text section (too much type to fit)

 (a) Describe the winner-take-all feature of the Electoral College.
(b) Explain one way in which the winner-take-all feature of the Electoral College affects how presidential candidates from the two major political parties run their campaigns.
(c) Explain one way in which the winner-take-all feature of the Electoral College hinders third party candidates.
(d) Explain two reasons the Electoral College has not been abolished.

Tuesday, February 19, 2013

Chapter 16

This is about 5 pages.
Look here for A couple questions over the weekend.

1. How Long are oral arguments in Court?
2. What do justices do?
3. What is the nature of the federal judicial system?
4. What are the two types of court cases? And Explain them?
5. What are Litigants?
6. What is a plaintiff?
7. What is a defendant?
8. What is standing to sue? How has it changed?
9. What are class action suits?
10. What is a justiciable dispute?
11. How do groups involve themselves in the court progress?
12. What is an amicus curiae brief?
13. Growth of Law Profession?
14. Discuss equality of access?

3. Minor (Third) Parties have been a common feature of US politics. (see pic)
a) Describe the point of view expressed about minor parties in the political cartoon below

b) Identify and explain how two rules of the United States electoral college act as obstacles to minor party candidates winning elections.
c) Minor parties make important contributions to the United States political system in spite of the obstacles to their candidates' success. Describe two of these contributions.

4) Trust and confidence in government have declined in recent decades.
(a) Explain how divided government has contributed to the decline in trust and confidence in government. Be sure to include a definition of divided government in your response
(b) Explain how the increased cost of election campaigns has contributed to the decline in trust and confidence in government.
(c) Explain two specific consequences of the decline in trust and confidence in government for individual political behavior.

Wednesday, February 13, 2013

Chapter 15

Humphrey’s Exec. V. US (What is it).
Gov Corp. 2 Examples.
Independent executive agencies.
Policy implementation. 3 Elements.
List Why Implementation fails.
Explain: Bad program design
Lack of Clarity
Lack of Resources
Administrative Routine
Administrative Disposition
Define SOP
(---through here for Thursday)
Explain success of 1965 Voting Rights Act
Define Regulation
Give 3 examples of Significant Government Regulation.
Munn v. Illinois
Significance of Interstate Commerce Commission
Incentive System
3 arguments in favor of Dereg
3 arguments opposed to Deregulation
4 ways prez can pressure an agency
4 ways Congress tries to control the Bureaucracy
What are Iron triangles.
Ex. Of Iron Triangle.
Ex. Of Destruction of Iron Triangle
Describe Bureaucracy relative to size of US Pop.

Friday, February 8, 2013

Chapter 15 part 1.

Name 4 Bureaucratic Myths and Realities

Describe figure 15.1
Describe/summarize table 15.1
Name 3 things Bureaucracies Do.
What are the Demographics of federal civilian employees
Patronage, what is it, and what did Lincoln say about it.
Pendleton Civ Svc Act, Civil Service, Merit Principle, Hatch Act, OPM, GS Rating, Senior Executive Service
What is the Plum book. How many jobs?  How is it different from Civil Service jobs?
How many Cabinet Departments. Name 5.
Define Independent Regulatory Agency? Name and describe 5

2006-3 The United States congress and the president together have the power to enact federal law. Federal bureaucratic agencies have the responsibility to execute federal law. However, in the carrying out of these laws, federal agencies have policy making discretion.
a) Explain two reasons why Congress gives federal agencies policy making discretion in executing federal laws.
b)Choose one of the bureaucratic agencies listed below. Identify the policy area over which it exercises policy-making discretion and give one specific example of how it exercises that discretion.
- Environmental Protection Agency
-Federal Communications Commission
-Federal Reserve board
c) Describe two ways in which Congress ensures that federal agencies follow legislative intent.

Wednesday, February 6, 2013

Chapter 14, the rest

How is America’s government HUGE compared to other nations, but also smaller compared to other Governments (America in perspective).

How has the national security state given rise to the budget?
What are large components of defense budgets?
Biggest slice of budget pie?

Define Social Security Act? Medicare?
Payer to payee ratio for Social Security?
Clinton and Bush proposed putting some portion of SS into the stock market: Strengths and weaknesses of such a proposal?

GO TO THIS LINK, and answer the first 5 Multiple choice questions.  Then use the graph to answer the prompt below with bullet points.

2006-2 In recent decades, entitlement programs have constituted a substantial portion of the United States federal budget. Social Security is the largest entitlement program in the US. From the information in the chart above, and your knowledge of the US government and politics, perform the following tasks.
(a) define entitlement program
(b) What is the primary source of revenue for the Social Security program
(c) Identify one threat to the future of the Social security program should the trends depicted in the chart continue
(d) Describe on demographic trend that threatens the future of the Social Security program and explain how it is responsible for the threat that you identified in (c )
(e) Explain how any one of the trends in the chart above would change if the age of eligibility for social security were raised.

Define and be able to use in a sentence with an example, incrementalism?, Uncontrollable expenditure? Entitlement?

Are all budgets incremental? Budget and Lasswell?
Who are the players? Who is involved ?

Define, and explain the role of the House ways and means committee, Senate Finance Committee? Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control act of 1974, CBO, Budget resolution, Reconciliation, Authorization Bill,, Appropriations bill, Did the 1974 reforms work, Continuing Resolutions

Tuesday, February 5, 2013

Chapter 14

For Wednesday: From Chapter 14, with some review.

go to this image.

(2003_3)Using the data in the graph above, and your knowledge of US politics, perform the following tasks.

a)    Identify two trends in the graph
b)   Explain how each of the following contributes to the difference between the federal and the state and local lines in the graph.
-block grants
-federal mandates

Define the following terms, and have an example for each one.
Budget, Deficit, Expenditures, Revenues, Income tax, 16th amendment

Explain fig 14.1, in a complete, coherent sentence.

What is a progressive tax. What is a flat tax.

Answer the following questions:
Who should bear the burden of taxes? Should the rich pay not only more taxes, but also a higher rate of taxation/
Is it appropriate for a small percentage of Americans to receive most of the benefits from a policy?
Is  it healthy for American society that a small percentage of the people pay most of the income tax?
Should average people pay for their own Social Security and Medicare benefits, or should wealthier citizens subsidize them?

Define the following terms, and have an example, or the ability to use in a sentence in the correct usage.
Federal , Tax loophole, Perot loophole, Tax expenditure,Tax reduction

Summarize, on p. 445, ‘America in perspective’. (Chart)

(Review) Different interest groups will choose different techniques to achieve their objectives based on their resources, characteristics, and goals.

a) describe each of the following techniques and explain why an interest group would choose each technique.
Campaign contributions
Grassroots Lobbying / mass mobilization.

b) Select one of the following groups and identify the primary technique it uses from the list in part (a). Explain why the group you selected would employ that technique over the other two techniques.
American Medical Association
Sierra Club