Tuesday, February 5, 2013

Chapter 14

For Wednesday: From Chapter 14, with some review.

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(2003_3)Using the data in the graph above, and your knowledge of US politics, perform the following tasks.

a)    Identify two trends in the graph
b)   Explain how each of the following contributes to the difference between the federal and the state and local lines in the graph.
-block grants
-federal mandates

Define the following terms, and have an example for each one.
Budget, Deficit, Expenditures, Revenues, Income tax, 16th amendment

Explain fig 14.1, in a complete, coherent sentence.

What is a progressive tax. What is a flat tax.

Answer the following questions:
Who should bear the burden of taxes? Should the rich pay not only more taxes, but also a higher rate of taxation/
Is it appropriate for a small percentage of Americans to receive most of the benefits from a policy?
Is  it healthy for American society that a small percentage of the people pay most of the income tax?
Should average people pay for their own Social Security and Medicare benefits, or should wealthier citizens subsidize them?

Define the following terms, and have an example, or the ability to use in a sentence in the correct usage.
Federal , Tax loophole, Perot loophole, Tax expenditure,Tax reduction

Summarize, on p. 445, ‘America in perspective’. (Chart)

(Review) Different interest groups will choose different techniques to achieve their objectives based on their resources, characteristics, and goals.

a) describe each of the following techniques and explain why an interest group would choose each technique.
Campaign contributions
Grassroots Lobbying / mass mobilization.

b) Select one of the following groups and identify the primary technique it uses from the list in part (a). Explain why the group you selected would employ that technique over the other two techniques.
American Medical Association
Sierra Club

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